Galle

Galle Fort is by far the most important tourist attraction in Galle. Spread over a humongous area of 36 acres, the fort is a settlement in itself which showcases the century-old culture and colonial heritage of Galle. A multi-ethnic population inhabits it, and a tour through the fort is sure to impress you with its majestic age-old architecture. It has managed to survive major tests of time, including the devastating Tsunami of 2004. It has now been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.A slim swathe of sand right on the east side of the Fort. However it's not that great for a dip as there are rocks offshore and the beach is often littered.


Showcasing Sri Lanka’s history by means of masks, which have been a prevalent part of the Lankan traditions, the Ariapala Mask Museum uncovers the mystery behind the culture of masks. Cultural performances are also held at the museum from time to time, and this attraction lures those who are interested in culture and history.


Sea turtle hatchery situated in Habaraduwa is mostly admired by nature lovers and both local and foreign tourists. It is a nonprofitable organization located as well as a popular tourist attraction in Sri Lanka. Habaraduwa is 5 km from the Galle – Matara Road.


Natural Moonstone Mine & Gem Palace - Meetiyagoda

Moonstone, considered to be the most valuable variety of feldspar, is the opalescent variety of orthoclase (an opaque to transparent potassium feldspar). Its schiller or adularescence is caused by the intergrowth of two different types of feldspar, with different refractive indexes. Like labradorite, it has an opalescent quality, caused by the reflection of light from the internal structure. Moonstone is usually whitish-blue, but can be colorless, yellow, orange, gray, or even reddish. Like many gems found in Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon) and Myanmar (formerly Burma), moonstone most often occurs as pebbles and irregular masses in gem-gravels and clay-deposits. Mining moonstone is nearly always a manual process but there are several different ways in which stones can be collected: In one method, miners dig deep narrow holes in the earth, lowering themselves by rope to the bottom. Filling their wicker baskets with loose dirt and gravel, they hoist the baskets back up to the surface where the gravels can be washed by hand to expose gem quality moonstones that can then be picked out of the gravel.


Moonstone deposits occur in the crystalline granite known as pegmatite, in magmatic rock deep below the surface, unlike the sapphires and the rubies, which are sedimentary surface deposits. To get to the moonstone, the miners of Meetiyagoda dig deep rectangular shafts down through the claylike kaolin topsoil to the weathering surface of the pegmatite.


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